Here is the fragment again:

Assaulted with green peas catapulted across the table from her brother's spoon.

You correctly identified the fragment as a participle phrase. Assaulted, the past participle that begins the phrase, is the clue.

To fix this fragment, you could add a subject and verb, like this:

Mary Lou Ellen was assaulted with green peas catapulted across the table from her brother's spoon.

Or you could use Punctuation Rule 3:

Main Clause + , + Participle Phrase.

The correction would look like this:

Mary Lou Ellen ducked under the table, assaulted with green peas catapulted across the table from her brother's spoon.

Or you could use Punctuation Rule 4:

Participle Phrase + , + Main Clause.

And the correction would look like this:

Assaulted with green peas catapulted across the table from her brother's spoon, Mary Lou Ellen fired back with a scoop of mashed potatoes.

Enjoy your crown!

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