Here is the fragment again:

But saw too late that the cream had expired three weeks ago.

You correctly identified the fragment as a lonely verb phrase. Saw, the verb without a subject, is the clue.

To fix this fragment, you could add a subject, like this:

But Sammy saw too late that the cream had expired three weeks ago.

Or you could use Punctuation Rule 8:

Main Clause + Ø + Lonely Verb Phrase.

The correction would look like this:

Having brewed the last bit of coffee in the house, Sammy fixed a cup but saw too late that the cream had expired three weeks ago.

Enjoy the luxury of your vacation!

Go to the next fragment.

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